That is not common. Normally, you can only deduct the cost of a meal when away on a business-related trip or gone overnight.
Only 50% of the cost of the meal including the tip is allowed in the deduction.
If you give back any excess reimbursement, provide your employer with a detailed expense report and meet other requirements. There is no need to report the reimbursement or to deduct the expenses.
Deduction limits are obligatory for your boss, not you, and the limit of 2% on miscellaneous item deductions will not have an effect on your entertainment, travel and meal costs.
Although there is no specific dollar limit, expenses should be ordinary and necessary and not over-generous.
The deduction cannot exceed 50% of the cost of business entertainment and meals.
For skyboxes and luxury water travel, there are other specific limitations.
Because temporary work site living expenses are separate from home travel expenses, they may be deducted.
An assignment that is not expected to last more than a year is considered temporary. If the assignment is for more than one year than the new area becomes your tax home and you can’t deduct expenses as away-from-home travel.
There is a broad range of expenses that you can deduct while traveling. The most common are as follows:
- Accommodation and meals (where there is a 50% limit on meals)
- Transportation fees or actual costs at a per-mile rate for using your own vehicle. The transportation costs also include getting around in the work area, commuting to and from hotels, restaurants, offices, terminals, etc.
- Phone, fax, laundry, baggage handling
- Any tips related to the above
The travel expenses below cannot be deducted:
- Travel as education
- Looking for a new job in a different field or for a new business site
- The cost of transportation between your home and the work site unless your home is your business headquarters.
The conditions and limitations for business and entertainment deductions are the following:
- A business discussion should be held before, during or after the entertainment.
- Usually, the deduction is limited to 50% of the cost for entertainment and meals.
- In settings where spousal attendance is customary, expenses of spouses of business associates (and your own spouse) can be included in the deduction.
- There are more limitations for club dues, entertainment facilities and skyboxes.
If your employer is reimbursing you for your expenses, you only need to prove them to him/her. To do this, submit a written accounting to the employer and return any excess amounts.
“Accountable plans” or per diem arrangements and mileage allowances are used instead of detailed accounting for the employer, if place, time, and business purpose are verified.
Detailed documentation is required by the IRS when expenses aren’t fully reimbursed by the employer or you fail to return excess reimbursements. If you are the employee, a 2% floor on miscellaneous item deductions is applied to your deductions.
You should record the expenses as close to the time of expenditure as possible.
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